John Charles CROWDER
Rank: Private
Service Number:37354.
Regiment: 9th Bn. Lancashire Fusiliers
Formerly: 2214, Cheshire Regiment
Killed In Action Tuesday 4th September 1917
Age 23
From Macclesfield.
County Memorial Macclesfield
Commemorated\Buried Gwalia Cemetery
Grave\Panel Ref: I.H.24.

John Charles's Story.


John Charles Crowder was born in Macclesfield in 1894, the son of Annie Maria and William Crowder, an engineer or mechanic.

In 1901, eight-year-old John was living at 10 Railway Terrace, Resolven, near Neath, Glamorgan, South Wales with his parents and siblings Amanda (14), Ethel (12), Willie (11), and Olive (4). By 1911 the family had returned to live at 12 North St, Sutton, south Macclesfield and John was working as a dyer.

The family later lived at 8 Steeple St, Hurdsfield, Macclesfield.



John enlisted in late August or early September 1914, joining the local 7th Cheshire (Territorial) Regiment with service number 2214. He was drafted overseas in September 1916 and transferred to the Lancashire Fusiliers with service number 37354.

According to the Commonwealth War Graves Commission's records, John was killed in an enemy air raid. His death was reported in the Macclesfield Times on 21 September 1917:


Private John Charles Crowder, 8 Steeple St, Macclesfield, was killed on the 4th inst in France, where he was serving with the Lancashire Fusiliers. Twenty-three years of age, he was educated at St George's branch school, London Road, and attended the Brunswick Wesleyan Chapel and Sunday school, being formerly an enthusiastic member of the Scout troop. In civil life he was employed as a dyer with Mr Mellor, the Dams. Joining the Cheshires soon after was broke out, he was drafted to France in September 1916, when he was transferred to the Fusiliers. He had been in hospital at the base with blood poisoning and returned to the firing-line a fortnight before his death.

His elder brother, Pte William Crowder, was invalided home from Egypt and is now with the mechanical transport of the Army Service Corps at Bristol. He was formerly employed with Mr Barber, painter and decorator, Chestergate, and enlisted in the Territorials two years ago. Upon his return from Egypt he spent some time in hospital at Stockport. Pte W Crowder is 27 years of age and married.

Letters have been received from comrades regarding the death of Pte J C Crowder. Second-Lieut Evans writes that he was killed instantly... Pte Duckworth, a Congleton man, says the deceased was killed by a bomb dropped from an aeroplane...

Further information about John's death was reported in the Macclesfield Times on 28 September 1917:


Mrs Crowder, 8 Steeple St, Macclesfield, whose son, Private John Charles Crowder, Lancashire Fusiliers, was killed on the 4th inst, in France, has received several sympathetic letters... A letter from Private Edward Taylor, a stretcher-bearer attached to the Lancashire Fusiliers, states that the deceased met his death in the early hours of the morning through bombs dropped by airmen. "We are," he adds, "sorry to lose Jack, for we were in the Cheshires together and had many good times..." Private J Duckworth, whose home is at 42 Canal St, Congleton, says: "... I shall miss Jack, who was my best pal. We soldiered together in England in the Cheshires... he died a good soldier, fighting for his King and country and his loved ones at home."



Private John Crowder is buried in Grave Ref. I. H. 24. of the Gwalia Cemetery in West-Vlaanderen, Belgium. His father asked for the inscription R.I.P. to be added to his headstone.

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission holds casualty details for Private John Crowder, and he is listed on the Imperial War Museum’s Lives of the First World War website.

Locally, Private John Crowder is commemorated on the Macclesfield Park Green, Town Hall and St Michael's Church war memorials, and the Brunswick Wesleyan Methodist Church, Ancient Order of Foresters and Hurdsfield Holy Trinity Church rolls of honour.



Brother of William Bromley Crowder, who served with the Cheshire Regiment with service number 4030, later served with the Labour Corps with service number 250946, and was awarded a silver war badge and invalided out of the Army with a pension on 18 June 1919.



GRO (England & Wales) Index: Births
Census (England & Wales): 1901, 1911
Commonwealth War Graves Commission website
Macclesfield Times: 21 and 28 September 1917; 23 September 1921 (photo supplement)
Macclesfield Courier and Herald: 5 September 1914

Research by Rosie Rowley, Macclesfield.